wikipedia-britannica debate 09.14.2006, 3:39 AM
posted by ben vershbow
The Wall Street Journal the other day hosted an email debate between Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales and Encyclopedia Britannica editor-in-chief Dale Hoiberg. Irreconcilible differences, not surprisingly, were in evidence. But one thing that was mentioned, which I had somehow missed recently, was a new governance experiment just embarked upon by the German Wikipedia that could dramatically reduce vandalism, though some say at serious cost to Wikipedia's openness. In the new system, live pages will no longer be instantaneously editable except by users who have been registered on the site for a certain (as yet unspecified) length of time, "and who, therefore, [have] passed a threshold of trustworthiness" (CNET). All edits will still be logged, but they won't be reflected on the live page until that version has been approved as "non-vandalized" by more senior administrators. One upshot of the new German policy is that Wikipedia's front page, which has long been completely closed to instantaneous editing, has effectively been reopened, at least for these "trusted" users.
In general, I believe that these sorts of governance measures are a sign not of a creeping conservatism, but of the growing maturity of Wikipedia. But it's a slippery slope. In the WSJ debate, Wales repeatedly assails the elitism of Britannica's closed editorial model. But over time, Wikipedia could easily find itself drifting in that direction, with a steadily hardening core of overseers exerting ever tighter control. Of course, even if every single edit were moderated, it would still be quite a different animal from Britannica, but Wales and his council of Wikimedians shouldn't stray too far from what made Wikipedia work in the first place, and from what makes it so interesting.
In a way, the exchange of barbs in the Wales-Hoiberg debate conceals a strange magnetic pull between their respective endeavors. Though increasingly seen as the dinosaur, Britannica has made small but not insignificant moves toward openess and currency on its website (Hoiberg describes some of these changes in the exchange), while Wikipedia is to a certain extent trying to domesticate itself in order to attain the holy grail of respectability that Britannica has long held. Think what you will about Britannica's long-term prospects, but it's a mistake to see this as a clear-cut story of violent succession, of Wikipedia steamrolling Britannica into obsolescence. It's more interesting to observe the subtle ways in which the two encyclopedias cause each other to evolve.
Wales certainly has a vision of openness, but he also wants to publish the world's best encyclopedia, and this includes releasing something that more closely resembles a Britannica. Back in 2003, Wales proposed the idea of culling Wikipedia's best articles to produce a sort of canonical version, a Wikipedia 1.0, that could be distributed on discs and printed out across the world. Versions 1.1, 1.2, 2.0 etc. would eventually follow. This is a perfectly good idea, but it shouldn't be confused with the goals of the live site. I'm not saying that the "non-vandalized" measure was constructed specifically to prepare Wikipedia for a more "authoritative" print edition, but the trains of thought seem to have crossed. Marking versions of articles as non-vandalized, or distinguishing them in other ways, is a good thing to explore, but not at the expense of openness at the top layer. It's that openness, crazy as it may still seem, that has lured millions into this weird and wonderful collective labor.
John on October 1, 2006 7:38 PM:
The anti-vandalism measures you talk about are long overdue. I find I am spending far more time reverting vandalism than actually contributing to Wikipedia. I don't believe this was ever in the minds of the Wiki founders when they decided on the "openness" model.
Putting these measures in place will not suddenly make Wikipedia a "trusted" source, but they will free-up the contributor's time and effort, which they can put toward making the encyclopedia better.